phrases you may hear in the dojo and what they mean:
- ONE GAISE MASU SENSEI – Please teach me sensei
- DOMO ARIGATO GOZA IMASHITA SENSEI – Thank you very much for teaching me sensei
- DOJO – Training Hall
- HAJIME – Begin
- KE KOGI – Training Suit
- MAAI – Distance
- OBI – Belt
- REI – Bow
- SOREMADE – Finish
- TATAMI – Mats
- YAME – Stop
- YOUI – Be ready
- ICHI – One
- NI – Two
- SAN – Three
- SHI or YON – Four
- GO – Five
- ROKU – Six
- SHICHI or NANA – Seven
- HACHI – Eight
- KU – Nine
- JYU – Ten
THREE FORMS AND CLASSING OF TECHNIQUES
1. TACEI WAZA – Standing technique
2. SUWARI WAZA – Sitting technique
3. HANMI HANDACHI WAZA – Opponent standing and partner sitting
NAGE WAZA – Throwing or projection technique
KANSETSU WAZA – Joint technique
ATEMI WAZA – Striking or hitting technique
NAMES OF THE REPRESENTATIVE TECHNIQUES OF AIKIDO
ICHI – First
NI – Second
SAN – Third
YON – Fouth
GO – Fifth
ROKU – Sixth
KKYO – Principle of Aikido
IKKYO – First principle of Aikido
NIKKYO – Second principle of Aikido
SANKKYO – Third principle of Aikido
YONKKYO – Fourth principle of Aikido
GOKKYO – Fifth principle of Aikido
ROKUKKYO – Sixth principle of Aikido
SHIHONAGE: Four direction throw
IRIMINAGE: Enter body throw
KOTEGAESHI: Wrist out-turn
KAITENAGE: Spin throw
TENCHINAGE: Heaven and Earth throw
KOKYUNAGE: Concentration power or timing throw
KOKYU Concentration power or timing
NAGE Throw or projection
KOKYUHO or KOKYURYOKU YOUSEIHO: Practice of concentration
KOKYURYOKU Concentration power
HO Technique or method
THREE STYLES OF IMPORTANT PRACTICE
GOU – Hard
JYU – Soft
RYU – Stream
1. GOU NO KEIKO: To practice hard with full strength
mostly by basic technique.
2. JYU NO KEIKO: To practice softly with principle of
unresistance but still practicing attack and defence.
3. RYU NO KEIKO: To Practice very smooth, like running
water, there will be no attack or defence, nothing will be
opposed between opponents and partners but perfect
harmony and peace. This practice is only possible for high
OTHER STYLES OF PRACTICE
TANDOKU KEIKO: Practice oneself
KEIKO or GEIKO: Practice
JYU GEIKO: Free Practice
BASIC POSTURES OF AIKIDO
MIGI HANMI: Posture right
HIDARI HANMI: Posture left
AI HANMI: Opponents and partners postures same side
MIGI HANMI: Right to right
HIDARI HANMI: Left to left
GYAKU HANMI: Opponents and partners opposite left to right or right to left
FORMS OF ATTACK AND DEFENCE
BUKI – Arms
BUKIDORI – Against arms
CHUDAN – Middle part
DAKISHIME – Hug
DORI – Take away
ERI – Collar
FUTARI – Two opponents
GEDAN – Lower part
GERI or KEI – Kick
JYO – Stick
JYODAN – Upper part
JYODORI – Against stick
JYUWAZA or JYUGI – Free attack and defence
KATA – Shoulder
KATATE – One hand
KEN – Sword
KUBI – Neck
MUNE – Chest
RYOTE – Both hands
SANNIN – Three opponents
SHIME – Strangle
SHOMEN – Centre of head
SODE – Sleeve
TACHIDORI – Against sword
TANINZU – Many opponents
TANKEN – Knife
TANKENDORI – Against knife
TSUKI – Strike
UCHI – Strike or hit
USHIRO – Behind
WAZA – Technique
YOKOMEN – Side of head
AIHANMI KATATEDORI: Opponents right hand to take
partners right hand, or left to left.
GYAKUHANMI KATATEDORI: Opponents right hand to
take partners left hand, or left to right.
KATATEMOCHI KATADORI: Opponents hand to take
KATATEMOCHI MUNEDORI: Opponents hand to take
RYOTEMOCHI MUNEDORI: Opponents both hands to
RYOTEMOCHI KATADORI: Opponents both hands to take
SHOMEN UCHI: Opponent to attack partners centre of
head with side of hand.
YOKOMEN UCHI: Opponent to attack partners side of
head with side of hand.
MUNE TSUKI or CHUDAN TSUKI: Opponent to attack
partners stomach with fist.
MEN TSUKI or JYODAN TSUKI: Opponent to attack
partners throat or face with fist.
GEDAN TSUKI: Opponent to attack below partners
stomach with fist.
JYODAN GERI: Opponent to kick above partners throat.
CHUDAN GERI: Opponent to kick partners stomach.
GEDAN GERI: Opponent to kick below partners stomach.
RYOTEMOCHI RYOTEDORI: Opponents both hands to
take partners both hands.
RYOTEMOCHI KATATEDORI: Opponents both hands to
take partners hand.
KATATEMOCHI SODEDORI: Opponents hand to take
USHIRO RYOTEDORI: Opponent to take partners both
hands from behind.
USHIRO RYOKATADORI: Opponent to take partners both
shoulders from behind.
USHIRO KATATEDORI or KATATE KUBIJIME: Opponent
to take partners hand and neck from behind.
USHIRO RYOTE MUNE DAKISHIME: Opponent to take
partners collar from behind.
TANINZUGAKE or TANINZUDORI: Attack by many
FUTARIDORI or FUTARIGAKE: Attack by two opponents.
SANNINDORI or SANNINGAKE: Attack by three